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Отцвесть и умереть

Страница : 4
Осенью масса зелени отмирает и ложится на землю рыхлым, сочным слоем. Снега наваливаются сверху белым тюфяком. Под ним почва не замерзает, и все «сено» перепревает за зиму, превращаясь в первоклассный перегной.
И оттого, что образуется так много перегноя, борщевики растут еще выше, еще роскошнее. И еще больше дают зелени. А чем больше зелени, тем больше будет на следующий год перегноя.
Чем больше перегноя, тем лучше рост трав, а чем лучше рост трав… Цепная реакция. Заколдованный круг.
Можно по-разному называть эту странную жизнь высокотравий. Важно одно: борщевики, и дудники, и «зонтичный лес» вообще очень устойчивы в природе. Некоторые ученые считают, что высокотравья столь же древни, как тропический дождевой лес.
Деревья в «зонтичный лес» не допускаются. Их появление здесь исключено. Семена, конечно, летят – и березовые и сосновые, но всходы гибнут от нехватки света. И не только света. Когда на землю осыпаются тысячи семян зонтичных, они начинают выделять вещества, которые хорошо известны своим вредным влиянием на проростки других растений.
Правда, и сами зонтичные, если попадают в густой лес, там еле живы. Влачат жалкое существование в виде розеток листьев. И в каждой розетке не десяток листьев, как обычно, а два-три, а то и один.
Но, как только лес вырубят, сразу же, словно предохранитель снимается с механизма цветения. И вырастает настоящий частокол борщевиков и дудников. От цветущих зонтичных вся вырубка становится белой, и медовый аромат окутывает округу.
Есть, однако, у борщевиков одно уязвимое место. Боятся покоса. Если в горы зачастили животноводы и высокотравья косят на корм скоту, дни борщевиков сочтены. Если срежут цветущий борщевик – ничего. Все равно ему умирать.
Когда скашивается розетка нецветущих зонтичных, которая еще копит питательные вещества, и ее срезают несколько лет подряд, растение истощается и погибает. Высокотравья могут жить лишь своей вольной жизнью.
Там, где вмешивается человек, высокотравья исчезают так же быстро, как и тропический дождевой лес. Тогда приходится разводить борщевики искусственно, как кукурузу. Но даже четырехметроворостые камчатские борщевики и дудники еще не предел высоты для зонтичных. Есть и повыше. Правда, не у нас, а в тропической области.
Разработчик:Территория SlavSSoft