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Высочайшие из цветковых

Страница : 3
Бизнесмены быстро оценили перспективу. Начали лихорадочно скупать пустующие, бросовые земли по 15 долларов за акр. Сажали там эвкалипты и продавали в двадцать раз дороже.
Покупателям внушали: эвкалипт растет быстро, за десять лет на 25 метров. Через десять лет древесина станет вдесятеро дороже.
Не жалейте ваших сбережений, и вы обеспечите себе спокойную и сытую старость. И себе, и своим детям, и внукам! Эвкалиптовый бум длился меньше, чем золотой. Всего восемь лет.
А затем американцы узнали: в Калифорнию завезли не тот эвкалипт, который нужен. Голубой эвкалипт, именуемый по-латыни «глобулюс», растет очень быстро (потому-то и завезли!), но древесину дает посредственную. Дуб она не заменит.
Можно, конечно, исправить положение. Выписать саженцы нужного вида. Посадить заново. Но и эта мера не решит проблемы. Дубово твердую древесину этот вид дает не раньше, чем в сто лет! А тут еще на востоке разведали большие запасы дубовых лесов…
Но дело сделано. На бросовых землях эвкалипты закрепились твердо. Прибавляли в росте по два с половиной метра в год. Впервые в истории голые калифорнийские холмы покрылись лесом. Прошло несколько лет, и к новым лесам привыкли.
И многие стали считать, что они росли в Калифорнии всегда. И что эвкалипт – местная древесная порода. Совершенно неожиданно выяснилось, что эти леса могут сослужить большую службу. Но не древесиной.
С тех пор, как появились злополучные посадки, климат вроде бы стал влажнее, хотя дождей выпадало столько, сколько и раньше. Новые деревья собирали влагу туманов, отдавая ее земле.
Происходит это так. Волны тумана катятся с океана на калифорнийский берег. Раньше, не встречая препятствий, они ползли по холмам и рассеивались. Теперь на пути их оказались эвкалиптовые листья. Они точно специально созданы для того, чтобы вычерпывать влагу из воздуха.
Длинные и узкие, как у ивы. Жесткие, как у дуба. Кривые, как турецкая сабля. На конце острие-капельница. Отличаются от ивовых еще и тем, что висят вертикально вниз, чтобы на так жгли солнечные лучи. Висят совершенно свободно, покачиваясь под дуновением морского бриза.
У наших деревьев листья никогда так вертикально вниз не висят. И к ветвям прикреплены более жестко. У молодых эвкалиптов листья тоже словно пришиты и не болтаются, но с возрастом это проходит.
Разработчик:Территория SlavSSoft