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27 Notice: Undefined variable: t_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: a_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: u_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: t_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: a_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: u_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: t_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: a_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Notice: Undefined variable: u_ar in /var/www/slavs/data/www/world-plants.net/print/index.php on line 27 Ни на суше, ни на море, страница 3 – версия для печати

Ни на суше, ни на море

Страница : 3
Что касается второго вопроса, то его удалось разрешить сравнительно быстро. Деревья селалы размножаются вегетативно. От ветвей отходят воздушные корни, спускаются в ил, укрепляются там и превращаются в ходульные.
Постепенно связь с материнским деревом прерывается, старый ствол сгнивает, а молодой продолжает расти самостоятельно, со временем давая жизнь новому экземпляру селалы.
Но откуда взялся первый экземпляр? Он должен был вырасти из семени, а откуда взялось семя, если на деревьях не созревает ни одного плода?
Гаппи предложил денежную награду тому, кто принесет хоть один плод селалы. Фиджийцы обещали поискать, но никому это не удалось. Тогда Гаппи вместе с фиджийцами начал внимательно изучать молодняк под деревьями азиатской и американской ризофор.
Что касается последней, то сеянцы ее были точной копией материнских деревьев. А под азиатской – двух сортов. Одни напоминали материнское растение, другие – селалу! Вытащив из грязи несколько сеянцев селалы, обнаружили, что корни у них были красными, как у мукронаты. Значит, сеянцы селалы возникали из плодов азиатской ризофоры.
Молодые сеянцы ризофор очень нравятся крабам, которым с удовольствием закусывают ими, проводя естественное изреживание природных плантаций. В естественных загущенных зарослях эта мера хороша и полезна.
Но на плантациях, где риэофору выращивают искусственно, крабы производят настоящий разгром. На Филиппинах догадались, как избавиться от нежелательных посетителей. Перед посадкой сеянцы слегка подсушивают в тени. Такие сеянцы крабы бракуют, и посадки удаются лучше.
Жизненный путь ризофоры сложен и труден. Новые территории она захватывает с помощью сеянцев, которые плавают «на боку». Они укрепляются где-то далеко от родительского дерева и образуют новую заросль на океанском берегу.
Со временем заросль становится гуще; из сеянцев, которые падают с плодоносящих деревьев, вырастают новые экземпляры. На деревьях образуется все больше ходульных корней. Они переплетаются так густо, что пробраться через заросль можно, лишь выполняя акробатические трюки.
Между ходульными корнями набиваются остатки растений и животных и разный хлам, который приносит море. Волны переслаивают это илом, и год за годом слой земли становится выше, пока не поднимется настолько, что ризофора окажется на суше.
Разработчик:Территория SlavSSoft